The spreadsheet gives four examples, from simpler (with the greatest equality) to more complex.The first example uses hours worked as the measurement, and labor hours remain the building block through the examples.The second amplifies the amount of work performed by some hours by addinga "skill factor" to certain workers. This may be used where some labor contibutes a greater amount work, including special skills.The third example follows that format, but uses wage differentials as an index of skill, essentially assuming that pay is already measuring the amount of work performed (which may not be true - pay may measure seniority, for instance, but not greater skill).The last example is of a worker cooperative where there are different worker membership classes, and amplifies the work performed by some "special" class.This is the most unequal, but there may be cases in which it is useful to recognize a special contribution by some member classes if they are not recognized in other ways.
The best system should be fair, transparent and understandable, and agreed upon democratically - and enshrined in your bylaws before the fiscal year in which the work is performed.
There are surely other models, for example adding a skill factor for certain tasks or labor hours, rather than for certain laborers.I would interested to hear about your model in the comments if you have one to offer.
For nearly a year, cooperative business owners and developers have been working to develop a wonderful piece of legislation that will support the growth of cooperative businesses in underserved communities throughout the country. For months, many of you have been hearing about this, but recently we've been particularly quiet. That's because we've been hard at work, behind the scenes, preparing to grow our campaign to fully support the legislation when it is introduced.
I'm happy to announce today that our campaign has a home!
We need your support. We could spend our days calling the offices of al Members of Congress, telling them about this terrific piece of legislation, but it wouldn't be very effective. Members of Congress are not interested in hearing what people outside their districts think they should support. They want to hear from their constituents, which is YOU! The Campaign for Cooperation will work with you and help you spread the word about the National Cooperative Development Act, and to help you talk to your Representatives about how wonderful co-ops are, and how this legislation will benefit their constituents.
We expect Rep. Fattah to introduce the National Cooperative Development Act this Fall, and the cooperative community needs to be ready to support it from day 1. We will let you know as soon as the legislation is available. While we wait for its introduction, there are a couple things you can do to help.
Scale and markets notwithstanding, Cooperative Home Care Associates (New York City) and Childspace Day Care Centers (Philadelphia) have plenty to teach Canada's co-operators and other CED activists. Kreiner challenges CED practitioners to move beyond creating business just within ‘their’ territory; they are often poor, thus possess weak markets and often have a hard time attracting entrepreneurial and professional management. He asserts one can be often more strategic and get better results through focusing on sectors where the quality of service provided is a competitive advantage. The twin benefit of better jobs (within the sectors targeted) and higher quality service (through workers also being owners) is backed up by the evidence presented in these two cases. Interestingly, the cases he presents both are both ‘human services’.
...The P6 model works for the consumer co-op world (and those providing it with goods) despite its inherent flaws; however, what should worker co-ops do to promote solidarity amongst ourselves in a way that builds our movement not sow the seeds of our destruction? Here are a few ideas:
Join your local network of worker co-operatives or help to create one.
Work with the WCFCU and local, regional and national networks to create a solidarity fund. Imagine if the 80 member co-ops of the US Federation committed 10% of their annual surplus to a solidarity fund and another 10% to a development fund as the Mondragon co-operatives do? Our co-ops would be able to navigate the tough times and take advantage of development funds to expand when the market beckons.
In his encyclical Laborem Exercens, Pope John Paul II rejected the idea that "private ownership of the means of production" should remain an "untouchable dogma" of economic life. He also rejects a mere conversion of private property into state property and the creation of a command economy. His vision of an alternative is captured in the following lines:
Merely converting the means of production into State property in the collectivist system is by no means equivalent to "socializing" that property. We can speak of socializing only when the subject character of society is ensured, that is to say, when on the basis of his work each person is fully entitled to consider himself a part-owner of the great workbench at which he is working with every one else… the members of each body would be looked upon and treated as persons and encouraged to take an active part in the life of the body.
There is little said here about markets – in fact, the word "market" does not appear even once throughout the entire encyclical. Thus the "socializing" of the economy is evidently a task that can take place without excessive and ultimately harmful interference in the market. Instead, it can come about through the proliferation of organizations wherein the "subject character of society is ensured," where "each person is fully entitled to consider himself a part-owner" of his place of work, and where the members are "encouraged to take an active part in the life of the body." These are the underlying principles of workers' cooperatives.
One example of the cooperative principle in action is the Mondragón, a cluster of cooperatives in the Basque region of Spain. It can't be mere coincidence that this organization, which is the largest and most successful cooperative in the world, was founded by a Catholic priest by the name of José María Arizmendiarrieta. To me it suggests that there is something in the Catholic view of society and justice that is naturally hospitable to the idea of the workers' cooperative.
As the economic rebound continues to lag, many entrepreneurs and small companies are looking for innovative strategies to survive and prosper in the face of tough times and even tougher credit. Perhaps the most innovative approach is to rethink the very nature of what it means to be a company…Co-ops have long been dismissed as touchy-feely experiments in business socialism, but with growing pressure on many traditional companies, the co-op model is getting increased attention -- not just as a political statement of owner-worker solidarity, but as a fresh approach to business success…. Several new high-profile cooperatives have attracted a substantial amount of funding from local foundations and investors. In Cleveland, entrepreneurs backed by a grant from a local development fund opened Evergreen Cooperative Laundry, a worker-owned firm that delivers high-end laundry services to health care providers and currently employs 10 workers. Its success inspired a similar co-op, Ohio Cooperative Solar, which will provide solar panels for large companies. In New York, another new co-op, ReBuilders Source, will sell recycled building materials to construction companies.
Co-ops offer several advantages, the primary one being that because employees own the business and share in its success, motivation is seldom a problem. "You have at least two-thirds of the workers who take great pride in the fact that we are an employee-owned company, that their name is on the line in terms of quality," explains Firmat. And because co-ops usually keep overhead low -- the workers who own them naturally want to keep expenses down -- they can often pass on lower prices to consumers. And, notes Firmat, Full Sail is able to use its employee ownership as a marketing tool to help foster an image of high quality and local production, which appeals to many beer buyers. Co-ops' low costs can give them a real advantage in the most expensive sectors of the economy. That's good business, but also good for customers. "Health care and employee-benefits cooperatives can help rein in the skyrocketing costs of these services," notes NCBA president Paul Hazen.
A few factual errors (Full Sail is not organized as a cooperative, Rebuilders Source has closed, the definition of cooperative is not quite on target) suggest the article was not thoroughly researched, but it remains good to see the cooperative story being broadcast to the business community.
Norma Sanchez's hand still flutters to her chest when she remembers the incident that was the beginning of the end of her career as a $5-an-hour janitor. She was mixing heavy-duty cleaners in a supplies closet when the mixture exploded, filling the space with caustic smoke. Unable to read the English labels, she had accidentally combined ammonia and bleach.The Oakland resident's lungs ached for a month but taking a night off seemed impossible."Now I look back at all of that and I say, 'Wow, I was really suffering,'" she said.
Today, Sanchez, 35, cleans with baking soda and natural Castile soap and takes sick days when she needs them.She is one of dozens of low-income, low-education, sometimes undocumented workers who have gone into business for themselves thanks to a boom in worker-owned cooperatives.
The cooperative is a subsidiary and affiliate of the Alliance to Develop Power (ADP), a non-profit organization.The cooperative pays dues to and holds a seat on ADP's Board of Directors.Some of United for Hire's work comes from the maintenance of ADP's other affiliates, including 5 tenant-owned subsidized housing cooperatives totaling 1,400 units of affordable housing.
"Whereas in the public sphere, we cherish equality, in the private sphere, we live with incredibly unequal power relationships; whereas in the public sphere, we promote the questioning of authority, in the private sphere, we have a “culture of deference.”If the devolution of power to states and localities might enhance participation as people become more and more collective masters of their own fates and regulations, would not devolution into one of the major components of nearly every person’s life, work, also enhance participation? At the level of the cooperative, voting groups are often small enough that one vote really does make a significant difference, and so changes the rational calculation as to whether to participate. Moreover, participation in the cooperative has a real and visible effect on one’s own fate; for example, in approval of hiring of a manager, or in the election of a board to run the company day-to-day."
Are you a New York State worker, entrepreneur, or business owner who is interested in funded technical assistance for starting or transitioning to a worker cooperative?If so please voice your support by Tuesday, 9/27 for a pilot worker cooperative incubator and technical assistance center in the Southern Tier.Joe Marraffino (Democracy at Work Network) and Gay Nicholson (Sustainable Tompkins) will carry your expression of demand to the Southern Tier Regional Economic Development Council seeking funding to launch this new center.
It is the legislative policy of New York State to promote the creation of worker cooperatives - businesses owned and democratically controlled by their workers. The legislature recognizes that "cooperative ownership will result in increased job satisfaction and increased productivity and will enable workers to receive the fullest economic benefits from their endeavors," will "result in the creation of new jobs in all economic sectors, will offer greater economic stability," and "will discourage the movement of capital and jobs out of this state." Worker cooperatives are also an important tool for creating a green and just economy via community wealth building as "entities in which ownership is broadly shared, locally rooted, and directed toward the common good."
The regional Councils have until November 14th to submit their proposals for economic development in a competition for several $40 million dollar grants. We'd like to see some of those funds invested in social and economic justice.New York State residents, please click here to express your support!
In the not-too-distant past, North Carolina was a powerhouse in the textile and apparel industry. Unfortunately, trends toward outsourcing and a service-based U.S. economy have contributed to an overall decline in North Carolina’s textile and apparel industry, which has traditionally played a fundamental role in providing jobs and revenue for the state.
Enter Opportunity Threads. Founder Molly Hemstreet recognized the need for a new model of labor organizing in the South. Her idea was to take the pieces of this declining infrastructure that has long been a part of North Carolina history and to put the pieces back together in a more sustainable way.
Molly got in touch with worker-ownership pioneer Frank Adams and Maggie’s Functional Organics, a worker-owned sewing cooperative in Nicaragua, to work on the idea of bringing the model of worker-ownership back to the U.S., specifically to an area that has been hit by job loss in the apparel industry. The connection was then made to workers in Morganton, NC, a rural county with high unemployment but two critical resources: manufacturing mills and talented ex-apparel workers.
And so Opportunity Threads was born. Its principles? Dignity for workers, fair wages and worker-ownership, quality and sustainable production. The goal? Not only to recreate textile work in Southern Appalachia in order to change the lives of many workers, but also to build upon this industry by emphasizing fair trade and sustainability."
Worker Owned businesses are functional examples of the goals many of us share; working together towards equality and freedom in the workplace and our communities that is unprecedented by any other model. Why the Twin Cities? Minnesota has a particularly vibrant history of co-ops and collectives, inlucding land and food co-ops facilitated by northern euorpean settlers in the 1800's.
I went into the Seward Community Cafe and Hard Times Cafe in Minneapolis several years ago and asked if they could produce any publicized material on how they conducted business as a collective, with the intentions of finding working models to structure future collective projects. Neither spot could provide me with the information, most of the it are in folders and stacks of old documents in the basement, and both expressed that it would be a good idea to have it available in a way that was more understandable by other like minded folks that were interested in the Collective Process and possibly starting up a collective business or few in their own communities. So I decided to be the one to do just that."
"Anarcho-syndicalists put forward the concept of democratically run cooperatives and worker-owned and managed enterprises as a transformative economic form that could replace the rapacious capitalist system which has so brutalized and exploited workers. Based on the ideas of economic democracy and voluntary cooperation without class conflict or labor exploitation, anarchists focused on organizing from the ground up, establishing locally managed cooperatives, linked through confederations of unions, cooperatives and communities."
"This post (part II of the article) will compare: 1) The state sponsored model in Venezuela where funding and regulations that define cooperatives originate in the political process and 2) the Evergreen Initiative private sector model in Cleveland, Ohio which uses a network of existing industries and community nonprofits to drive cooperative development.Because of its importance as a model to the overall development of cooperative networks, we will also refer back to the Mondragon Model in Spain which was discussed generally in Part 1 and in detail in an excellent diary by T Pau..This piece analyzes how each model deals with the major problems that are barriers to the development of a cooperative economy within a capitalist economy. The point is not to judge, at this juncture, the superiority of one model over the other, but to see how different models are affected by and operate in practice given the economic and ideological environment in which they have developed."
Part three (coming soon): The historic and current relationship between trade unions and cooperatives
"We're bringing the stories of these economic innovators to life through 7 short films, 1 stop-motion animation, and an informational website. Each film portrait examines the values and practices of a given business or organization through the story of an individual leader. We've included a reiki practitioner at a worker co-operative in Brooklyn; two co-founders of Brooklyn food co-operatives, including the most successful food co-op in America; a co-founder of a barter network for artists; a member of a 32-year-old successful intentional community on Staten Island; a community resident advocating for participatory budgeting in East Harlem; a board member at a Lower East Side community development credit union; and a veteran community gardens advocate in the Bronx... Here's a sample from our food co-op film to give you an idea."
Rosalinda Guillen, keynote speaker (with Gordon Edgar) at this year's Western Worker Cooperative Conference talks about her work atCommunity to Community Development, a woman-led, grassroots group working for a just society and healthy communities in Washington State.
"My favorite workshop was the one promoting peer technical advisors sponsored by the US Federation of Worker Co-ops. [See DAWN] One co-worker of mine is actually going through the one-year training program right now, but I’ve informally (for Rainbow) been doing technical assistance for 15 years or so. The meat of the workshop involved small groups using the USFWC guidelines to decide how to proceed on requests for assistance sent to the Federation. These were real requests and – as they often come to me – were confused, hopeful, exciting, depressing, revealing, and baffling all at once. One envisions it being clear cut, “Hi, I represent 10 people trying to start a wood-working collective”, but oh, in real life it so isn’t.
Solidarity Economy: Building Alternatives for People and Planet is a book of papers and reports from the 2007 U.S. Social Forum. "The emergence of the global grassroots economic structural reform movement known as the Solidarity Economy. This book contain the core papers, discussion and debates on the topic at the U.S. Social Forum of 10,000 people in Atlanta in the summer of 2007."
Contributors include Dan Swinney, Michael Albert, Ethan Miller, Emily Kawano, Germai Madhanie, Jessica Gordon Nembhard, Adam Trott, Melissa Hoover, and many others. The 441 page book is available as a $5 download from Lulu or available to read on Scribd. Here's a sample chapter.
Doing Democracy, 10 Practical Arts is a 50 page handbook offered as a companion to Frances Moore Lappé's 2006 book Democracy’s Edge: Choosing to Save Our Country by Bringing Democracy to Life. "It is designed for educators, group leaders, and any citizen who wants to become more powerful. We humans may be born innately social creatures; but to be effective in creating societies we want, it helps to approach democracy-making as a learned art. As with any art – from ballet to basketball – breaking the process down into its core elements can facilitate learning."
"We’ve chosen ten arts of democracy – a nice round number – not with any pretense of creating an exhaustive guide. Rather, these practices are a starting point. They contribute to enhanced decision-making, mutual regard, group learning and staying power. We’re convinced that the better we become in practicing such arts, the more satisfying our public lives become. Our improved public practice moreover, also enhances our private lives as well."
The ten arts of democracy explored in this handbook are
Active Listening – encouraging the speaker and searching for meaning
Creative Conflict – confronting others in ways that produce growth
Mediation – facilitating interaction to help people in conflict hear each other
Negotiation – problem solving that meets some key interests of all involved
Political Imagination – reimaging our futures according to our values
Public Dialogue – public talk on matters that concern us all
Public Judgment – public decision making that allows citizens to make choices they are willing to help implement
Celebration and Appreciation – expressing joy and appreciation for what we learn as well as what we achieve
Evaluation and Reflection – assessing and incorporating the lessons we learn through action
Mentoring – supportively guiding others in learning these arts of public life
A BBC Docmentary from the 1980s about the origins and growth of the Basque cooperative corporation, including a short history of the Rochdale cooperatives that inspired the Don José María Arizmendiarrieta
"Why abolish human rentals? Can the problems with the human rental contract (employment contract) be fixed simply by legislating and enforcing better treatment and compensation for workers? By analogy was there anything wrong with slavery that couldn’t be fixed by legally requiring the benevolent treatment of slaves combined with effective enforcement of those laws? Or was there something else wrong which required the abolition of slavery under any conditions? "The ownership or rental of humans both seek to violate the same inalienable rights, namely a person’s of decision making authority and responsibility for their actions. The issue at stake is the legal non-personhood of the slave or employee. While the specific treatment of people matters, we must also ask whether the structure of working relationships is internally consistent with people providing labor. In the case of both human ownership and human rentals they are not."
"Over the last several years, Mandela MarketPlace formed strong partnerships with community members, agencies and organizations to forge a strategy for addressing root causes of poverty through entrepreneurship. Mandela Foods Cooperative formed from this partnership. Mandela Foods is a worker- and community-owned retail grocery store and nutrition education center in West Oakland that addresses economic empowerment and community health. It offers fresh, affordable produce from local family farms, food preparation classes and healthy prepared foods, as well as profit sharing with the community through community-investment accounts. "
Minimum 1 year commitment (looking for long term members interested in ownership)
Interest in participating fully in a worker-owned cooperative
Ability to attend Collective Meetings on Monday afternoons
Ability to lift 50 pounds and stand for 8+ hours
Baking and/or food production experience
Excellent communication skills
Delivery Driver candidates must be 21+ years old, have a valid CA state driver’s license, and a clean driving record (driving is not required for all candidates)
Baking and/or customer service experience
Collective experience or familiarity with consensus process
Please state your preferred shifts in your cover letter. All workers train on the store shift and then learn new shifts. Priority is given to candidates able to work over-nights and weekends.
store: 6:30 am-2 pm, 1 pm-8:30 pm
prep: 9 am-5 pm, 2 pm-10pm
bake: 7 pm-3 am, 3 am-11am
office: 9-5ish twice a week
delivery: midnight to 7 am
We are looking to hire someone who is responsible, self-motivated, good at communicating, and fun to work with. Compensation is based on a shift-pay system with hourly wages. No health benefits currently offered, but we are working on it!If you are interested in joining the Nabolom community and feel you fit this description, please bring a resume and cover letter by the bakery as soon as possible.
The Friends of Old Puppy band plays at the Nabolom Bakery.